Causes of the Renaissance

January 6, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, European History, Renaissance (1330-1550)
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Causes of the Renaissance

What is the Renaissance?

• Rebirth • Explosion of New Ideas & Learning

• Rebirth • Explosion of New Ideas & Learning • Rediscovery of Classical Greek & Roman Culture • Humanism—worth of Individual • Secularism—worldly not religious

Causes of the Italian Renaissance • Crusades • Control of Mediterranean Trade

• • • •

Crusades Control of Mediterranean Trade Sophistication of Italian City-States Growth of Banking & Trade

• • • • •

Crusades Control of Mediterranean Trade Sophistication of Italian City-States Growth of Banking & Trade Excess Wealth: de Medici family of Florence • Printing Press

Italian v. Northern Renaissance Italy

North

Italian •

• • •

Italy Rome, Florence, Venice Mediterranean Trade De Medici Michelangelo, Da Vinci, Raphael

Italian v. Northern Renaissance •

• • •

North Amsterdam, Antwerp, London Rhine & Thames Rivers Jacob Fugger Jan Van Eyck, Brueghel

Italian v. Northern Renaissance •

• • •

Italy Rome, Florence, Venice Mediterranean Trade De Medici Michaelangelo, Da Vinci, Raphael



• • •

North Amsterdam, Antwerp, London Rhine & Thames Rivers Jacob Fugger Jan Van Eyck, Brueghel

Political Intrigue

Machiavellian Intrigue • Wrote The Prince • studied the politics of Florence, Venice & Rome • analyzed use of power, force, & Deception • How to book for future leaders Niccolo Machiavelli • Including...

De Medici Family of Florence • • • •

Cosimo & Lorenzo city improvements patron of the arts peace & prosperity

Savonarola

• Franciscan Friar • banned gambling, swearing, etc. • burned books & paintings

The Borgia: First Italian Crime Family • Pope Alexander VI – bribery, extortion, nepotism, torture

• Casare Borgia

(son)

– multiple murders, mercenary

• Lucrezia Borgia

(daughter)

– incest? – What really happened to her husbands?

Effects of the Renaissance

Renaissance Art • • • • • • • •

perspective light & motion study of human form emotion & drama new subject matter>secularism science & mathematics composition & balance changing perspective of man & his role in the world • unique vision of each artist

Effects of the Renaissance • Advances in Science & Technology led to the European Exploration of the World • Secularism led to the Protestant Reformation • Humanism encouraged the growth of Democracy & the Fight for Human Rights • Role of Women in Society Improved • Renaissance Art led to the Age of Classical Music and Art in Europe

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