Chapter 24 Outline

January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Political Science
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American Pageant Kennedy, Cohen, & Bailey

Chapter Twenty-four

Industry Comes of Age 1866-1900

Carnegie Steel Mill, Youngstown, Ohio, 1910

1

Growth of Railroads 1860 – 35,000 Miles of Track 1900 – 192,000 Miles of Track

Central Pacific-Union Pacific Railway, 1869

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Growth of Railroads Union Pacific – Central Pacific Union Pacific – Irish Workers Central Pacific – Chinese Workers

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Growth of Railroads Union Pacific – Central Pacific Leland Stanford Colis Huntington Promontory, Utah - 1869

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Growth of Railroads Northern Pacific – 1883 Atchinson, Topeka, & Santa Fe – 1884 Southern Pacific – 1884 Great Northern - 1893

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Growth of Railroads Consolidation Cornelius Vanderbilt New York Central RR Baltimore & Ohio RR Pennsylvania Railroad Erie Railroad All Rails Connected to Chicago

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Growth of Railroads Technology Advancements

Cornelius Vanderbilt Standard Gauge Steel Rails Double Track Westinghouse Air Brake Pullman Palace Car 7

Growth of Railroads Corruption in Railroads

Stock Watering Milking the Farmer Bribing Government Officials Pools Rebates 8

Farmers Organize Against the Railroads a

Oliver H. Kelley

National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry Depression of 1873 Cooperative Stores Grain Elevators Crop Warehouses 9

Farmers Organize Against the Railroads

Farmers Alliance a Charles Macune Northern Alliance Southern Alliance Colored Alliance

People’s Party - Populists 10

Railroad Regulation Begins Granger Laws a Wabash Case (1886) Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 Interstate Commerce Commission 11

The “Robber Barons” “Captains

of Industry”

Andrew Carnegie

Bessemer Process William Kelley Henry Bessemer Carnegie Steel Co. “Gospel of Wealth” $324 Million to Charity

Carnegie

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The “Robber Barons” “Captains

of Industry”

J. Pierpont Morgan Railroad Reorganization Investment Banker U.S. Steel Corp 1901

Morgan

13

The “Robber Barons” “Captains

of Industry”

John D. Rockefeller

1859 – Edwin L. Drake Kerosene Lamp Fuel 1863 – Standard Oil Consolidation/Trusts Rockefeller

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The “Robber Barons” “Captains

of Industry”

John D. Rockefeller Standard Oil Trust Holding Company 1889

Rockefeller

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The “Robber Barons” “Captains

of Industry”

“Gospel of Wealth”

Andrew Carnegie Charles Darwin Herbert Spencer Spencer “Law of the Jungle” Darwin Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 16

Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890

Political Cartoon

17

Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890

Political Cartoon

Teddy’s Way of Handing Trusts

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Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 Political Cartoon

The Trust Giant’s Point of View “What

a Funny Little Government!”

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Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 Political Cartoon

One Sees His Finish Unless Good Government Retakes the Ship

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Rise of the Labor Movement

Child Labor

Manual Labor

Female Labor

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Rise of the Labor Movement Pre-Industrial Conditions Contract Labor Law Corporations Fight Unions Scabs – Court Injunctions Lockouts – Black Lists Yellow Dog Contracts Company Towns

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Rise of the Labor Movement

National Labor Union – 1866 Panic of 1873 Knights of Labor – 1869 (Noble & Holy Order of Knights of Labor)

Terence V, Powderly Haymarket Riots - 1886 23

Rise of the Labor Movement

American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers – 1880s Panic of 1893

Powderly

Gompers

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Sources: Factory 3 - http://memory.loc.gov/cgibin/query/I?pan:64:./temp/~ammem_Nhik::displayType=1:m856sd=pan:m856sf=6a15367:@@@mdb=manz,eaa,aaeo,aaodyssey,hh ,gottscho,bbpix,bbcards,magbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,consrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever,dcm ,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,lomaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwebib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,presp,ql t,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright Promontory Utah 1869 3 - http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthemove/exhibition/exhibition_1_3.html Chinese worker - http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?10021656+X-21656 Chinese Workers 1 - http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/flipomatic/cic/[email protected]?img=brk00003107_16a Chinese Railroad Workers 2 - http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/flipomatic/cic/[email protected]?img=brk00003107_16a Cornelius Vanderbilt 1 - http://voteview.uh.edu/images/vanderb2.gif Locomotive 6 - http://memory.loc.gov/cgibin/displayPhoto.pl?path=/award/nbhips/lca/126&topImages=12652r.jpg&topLinks=12652v.jpg&displayProfile=0&title=Burlingto n%20engine%20number%20120,%20the%20first%20train%20into%20Broken%20Bow,%20Nebraska,&m856s=$dnbhips$f12652 &dir=ammem&itemLink=D?psbib:137:./temp/~ammem_xvxd::@@@mdb=manz,eaa,aaeo,aaodyssey,hh,gottscho,bbpix,bbcards,m agbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,consrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever,dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,l omaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwebib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,presp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyo n,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright Locomotive 3 - http://memory.loc.gov/cgibin/displayPhoto.pl?path=/award/nbhips/lca/126&topImages=12651r.jpg&topLinks=12651v.jpg&displayProfile=0&title=First%20t rain%20into%20Sargent,%20Custer%20County,%20Nebraska.&m856s=$dnbhips$f12651&dir=ammem&itemLink=D?psbib:106:./ temp/~ammem_xvxd::@@@mdb=manz,eaa,aaeo,aaodyssey,hh,gottscho,bbpix,bbcards,magbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,co nsrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever,dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,lomaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwe bib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,presp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp, suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright Oliver H. Kelley 1 - http://www.mnhs.org/places/sites/ohkf/ohkf-doc.html Andrew Carnegie 1 - http://www.americaslibrary.gov/aa/carnegie/aa_carnegie_subj_e.html

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Sources: Locomotive 1 - http://memory.loc.gov/cgibin/query/I?cdn:38:./temp/~ammem_xvxd::displayType=1:m856sd=ichicdn:m856sf=n084950:@@@mdb=manz,eaa,aaeo,aaodysse y,hh,gottscho,bbpix,bbcards,magbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,consrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever, dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,lomaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwebib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,pre sp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright Oil Field 1 - http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?10022278+X-22278 Charles Darwin 1 - http://www2.lucidcafe.com/lucidcafe/library/96feb/darwin.html Herbert Spencer 1 - http://www.econlib.org/library/LFBooks/Spencer/Spencer.jpg Monopoly pirates - http://www.history.ohio-state.edu/projects/uscartoons/gapecartoons/TrustsAsPirates.htm Carnegie Trusts - http://www.authentichistory.com/images/postcivilwar/cartoons/189x_andrew_carnegie_01.html Rockefeller Trust - http://www.history.ohio-state.edu/projects/uscartoons/verdict/ht/22Jan1900.htm Roosevelt and the Trusts - http://search.eb.com/elections/pri/Q00121.html PowerHouse Mechanic - http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/picturing_the_century/portfolios/port_hine.html# Children Stringing Beans - http://www.archives.gov/digital_classroom/lessons/hine_photographs/images/stringing_beans.gif Textile Worker 1 - http://memory.loc.gov/cgibin/query/I?fsaall:17:./temp/~ammem_zIpI::displayType=1:m856sd=fsa:m856sf=8b20927:@@@mdb=manz,eaa,aaeo,aaodyssey,hh ,gottscho,bbpix,bbcards,magbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,consrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever,dcm ,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,lomaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwebib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,presp,ql t,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright

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