chapter 6 learning - Doral Academy Preparatory

January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Psychology
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Learning Chapter 6

Conditioned Learning 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

Unconditioned stimulus Conditioned stimulus Unconditioned response Conditioned response Trial Acquisition 3 types of classical conditioning Extinction Spontaneous recovery Stimulus generalization Discrimination Higher order conditioning Taste Aversions

Operant Conditioning 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

Law of effect Positive reinforcement Negative reinforcement Skinner box Shaping Extinction Discrimination Delayed reinforcement Primary reinforcement Secondary reinforcement Ratio schedules Interval schedules Continuous reinforcement Intermittent reinforcement Punishment

Q1. A group of ranchers attempts to discourage coyotes from attacking their sheep by placing a substance on the wool of the sheep that makes coyotes violently ill if they eat it.Very quickly, the coyotes avoid the sheep entirely. In this scenario, what are the UCS, CS, and CR, respectively? (A) The substance, the sheep’s wool, aversion to the sheep (B) The sheep’s wool, the substance, aversion to sheep (C) Aversion to sheep, the substance, the sheep’s wool (D) The coyotes, the sheep’s wool, aversion to sheep (E) The substance, the sheep’s wool, the coyotes

Q2. The same ranchers discover that now not only will the coyotes not attack the treated sheep but also they will not attack nearby sheep. This is an example of: (A) Extinction (B) Discrimination (C) Generalization (D) Spontaneous recovery (E) Chaining

Q3. Mrs. Jackson, an English teacher, gives pop quizzes to her students every marking period. This is an example of: (A) Variable interval schedule of reinforcement (B) Variable ratio schedule of reinforcement (C) Fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement (D) Fixed interval schedule of reinforcement (E) Interval ratio schedule of reinforcement

Q4. In John Watson’s “Little Albert” experiment, what was the UCS? (A) The white rat (B) The little boy (C) Anything white and furry (D) The loud noise (E) Fear

Q5. Which of the following is true of classical conditioning? (A) UCS produces UCR (B) CR produces the CS (C) UCR produces the CS (D) CS produces the UCS (E) UCR produces the UCS

Q6. Dylan’s mother buys him a sailor’s cap before they go on a family fishing trip. On the boat, Dylan gets nauseated and vomits. The next day he gets nauseated just from looking at the sailor’s cap. The sailor’s cap has become:

(A) The unconditioned stimulus (B) The conditioned stimulus (C) The conditioned response (D) The unconditioned response (E) The reconditioned stimulus

Q7. Before Dylan became nauseated, he was able to go fishing with his family, even catching several fi sh. Fishing is an example of what schedule of reinforcement? (A) Fixed ratio (B) Fixed interval (C) Unfixed interval (D) Variable ratio (E) Variable interval

Q8. which of the following best reflects negative reinforcement? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

Teresa is scolded when she runs through the house yelling Lina is not allowed to watch television until after she has finished her homework Greg changes his math class so he doesn’t have to see his old friend Aditya is praised for having the best essay in the class Alex takes the wrong medicine and gets violently ill afterwards

Q9. Jamel got very sick after easting some mushrooms on a pizza at his friend’s house. He didn’t know that he had a stomach virus at the time, blamed his illness on the mushrooms, and refused to eat them again. Which of the following is the unconditioned stimulus for his taste aversion to mushrooms? Pizza (B) Stomach virus (C) Mushrooms (D) Headache (E) Aversion to mushrooms (A)

Q10. Latent learning is best described by which of the following? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

Innate responses of an organism preventing new learning and associations Unconscious meaning that is attributed to new response patterns Response patterns that become extinguished gradually over time Delayed responses that occur when new stimuli are paired with familiar ones Learning that occurs in the absence of rewards

Answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

8. 9. 10.


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