Cold War to Detente

January 6, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Business, Economics, International Economics
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Easy Revision for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente This is the seventh of eight revision topics. America and the Cold War America in the 1950s: Affluent Society Black Americans in the 1950s Kennedy and the New Frontier Civil Rights to Black Power Defeat in Vietnam Cold War to Détente Nixon and Watergate

How to use this Revision Presentation. The Presentation is divided into five sections. Spend about 10 minutes revising each section. Write Revision Notes, label them clearly and keep them all in one place.

Return to this Presentation often to help embed your learning.

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Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente There are four sections to this topic

Détente What does the word mean? .

Causes What were the reasons for détente? .

Features Kissinger, Nixon and China. .

SALT Why, what and why it was important? .

.Spend

about 10 minutes revising each section. Write Revision Notes, title them clearly and keep them all in one place.

Broadwater School

History Department

2

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente From memory, write out the five section titles

Détente What does the word mean? .

Causes What were the reasons for détente? .

Features Kissinger, Nixon and China. .

SALT Why, what and why it was important? .

When you have finished, move on to next the page. Pause Now!

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3

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente Check your learning

Détente What does the word mean? .

Causes What were the reasons for détente? .

Features Kissinger, Nixon and China. .

SALT Why, what and why it was important? .

.When

you have finished, move on to the next page on Détente. Pause Now!

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4

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente Copy these Revision Notes

Détente Détente is a French word that means the relaxing or easing of tension between two hostile nations that are not actually fighting. Détente is achieved through fostering better understanding and through diplomacy. Historically, the term began to be used to describe efforts by the USA, USSR and China to improve relations from the late 1960s onwards.

When you have finished, move on to the page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School

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5

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente From memory, copy the Revision Notes

Détente Détente is a French word that means the relaxing or easing of tension between two hostile nations that are not actually fighting. Détente is achieved through fostering better understanding and through diplomacy. Historically, the term began to be used to describe efforts by the USA, USSR and China to improve relations from the late 1960s onwards.

When you have finished, move on to the page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School

History Department

6

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente Read the full Revision Notes

Détente Détente is a French word that means the relaxing or easing of tension between two hostile nations that are not actually fighting. Détente is achieved through fostering better understanding and through diplomacy. Historically, the term began to be used to describe efforts by the USA, USSR and China to improve relations from the late 1960s onwards. Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of groups or states.

When you have finished, move on to the page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School

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7

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente From memory, write out the Revision Notes again

Détente Détente is a French word that means the relaxing or easing of tension between two hostile nations that are not actually fighting. Détente is achieved through fostering better understanding and through diplomacy. Historically, the term began to be used to describe efforts by the USA, USSR and China to improve relations from the late 1960s onwards.

When you have finished, move on to the Causes. Pause Now!

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8

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente Copy these Revision Notes

Causes USA, USSR and China knew that they could not win a war. MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction) meant no winners. USSR wanted US food and technology. USSR and China feared each other and the USA. USA wanted to get out of Vietnam, which meant compromises with the communists.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School

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9

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Defeat in Cold War to Détente From memory, copy the Revision Notes

Causes USA, USSR and China knew that they could not win a war. MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction) meant no winners. USSR wanted US food and technology. USSR and China feared each other and the USA. USA wanted to get out of Vietnam, which meant compromises with the communists.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School

History Department

10

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente Read the full Revision Notes

Causes USA, USSR and China knew that they could not win a war. MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction) meant no winners. USSR wanted US food and technology. USSR and China feared each other and the USA. USA wanted to get out of Vietnam, which meant compromises with the communists.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School

History Department

11

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente From memory, write out the Revision Notes again

Causes USA, USSR and China knew that they could not win a war. MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction) meant no winners. USSR wanted US food and technology. USSR and China feared each other and the USA. USA wanted to get out of Vietnam, which meant compromises with the communists.

When you have finished, move on to the Features page. Pause Now!

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12

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente Copy these Revision Notes

Features 1970 Nixon says that the USA and the communist countries should accept their differences. and try to get along instead of threatening to destroy each other. Mainly the idea of Dr Henry Kissinger, Nixon’s foreign policy advisor. Shuttle diplomacy, with diplomats travelling between countries. Nixon wanted to discourage Chinese and Soviet expansion, reduce the cost of the arms. Nixon wanted to gain concessions from the USSR by talking to China. Nixon visited China in 1972. Helped to end the Vietnam War and led to the SALT talks. USSR and China needed to boost their economies to produce more consumer goods for their people. USSR and China mistrusted each other wanted to use the USA as a bargaining counter.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School

History Department

13

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente From memory, write out the Revision Notes

Features 1970 Nixon says that the USA and the communist countries should accept their differences. and try to get along instead of threatening to destroy each other. Mainly the idea of Dr Henry Kissinger, Nixon’s foreign policy advisor. Shuttle diplomacy, with diplomats travelling between countries. Nixon wanted to discourage Chinese and Soviet expansion, reduce the cost of the arms. Nixon wanted to gain concessions from the USSR by talking to China. Nixon visited China in 1972. Helped to end the Vietnam War and led to the SALT talks. USSR and China needed to boost their economies to produce more consumer goods for their people. USSR and China mistrusted each other wanted to use the USA as a bargaining counter.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School

History Department

14

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente Read the full Revision Notes

Features 1970 Nixon says that the USA and the communist countries should accept their differences. and try to get along instead of threatening to destroy each other. Mainly the idea of Dr Henry Kissinger, Nixon’s foreign policy advisor. Shuttle diplomacy, with diplomats travelling between countries. Nixon wanted to discourage Chinese and Soviet expansion, reduce the cost of the arms. Nixon wanted to gain concessions from the USSR by talking to China. Nixon visited China in 1972. Helped to end the Vietnam War and led to the SALT talks. USSR and China needed to boost their economies to produce more consumer goods for their people. USSR and China mistrusted each other wanted to use the USA as a bargaining counter.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School

History Department

15

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente From memory, write out the Revision Notes again

Features 1970 Nixon says that the USA and the communist countries should accept their differences. and try to get along instead of threatening to destroy each other. Mainly the idea of Dr Henry Kissinger, Nixon’s foreign policy advisor. Shuttle diplomacy, with diplomats travelling between countries. Nixon wanted to discourage Chinese and Soviet expansion, reduce the cost of the arms. Nixon wanted to gain concessions from the USSR by talking to China. Nixon visited China in 1972. Helped to end the Vietnam War and led to the SALT talks. USSR and China needed to boost their economies to produce more consumer goods for their people. USSR and China mistrusted each other wanted to use the USA as a bargaining counter.

When you have finished, move on to the SALT page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School

History Department

16

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente Copy these Revision Notes

SALT High and low points of 1970s détente. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) 1972 Reduced the danger of a nuclear war. Number of missiles capped, but not warheads. USA promised to accept that they would not try to destroy communism in the USSR. Nixon agreed to increased trade links with the USSR. USA supplied cheap grain to the USSR. USA agreed to recognise the existence of (communist) East Germany. USSR guaranteed the security of West Berlin. (the Cold War began over Berlin) 1979: SALT 2 not ratified (agreed) because the USSR invaded Afghanistan. 1980 President Carter stops US athletes attending the Moscow Olympics.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School

History Department

17

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente From memory, write out the Revision Notes

SALT High and low points of 1970s détente. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) 1972 Reduced the danger of a nuclear war. Number of missiles capped, but not warheads. USA promised to accept that they would not try to destroy communism in the USSR. Nixon agreed to increased trade links with the USSR. USA supplied cheap grain to the USSR. USA agreed to recognise the existence of (communist) East Germany. USSR guaranteed the security of West Berlin. (the Cold War began over Berlin) 1979: SALT 2 not ratified (agreed) because the USSR invaded Afghanistan. 1980 President Carter stops US athletes attending the Moscow Olympics.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School

History Department

18

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente Read the full Revision Notes

SALT High and low points of 1970s détente. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) 1972 Reduced the danger of a nuclear war. Number of missiles capped, but not warheads. USA promised to accept that they would not try to destroy communism in the USSR. Nixon agreed to increased trade links with the USSR. USA supplied cheap grain to the USSR. USA agreed to recognise the existence of (communist) East Germany. USSR guaranteed the security of West Berlin. (the Cold War began over Berlin) 1979: SALT 2 not ratified (agreed) because the USSR invaded Afghanistan. 1980 President Carter stops US athletes attending the Moscow Olympics.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School

History Department

19

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Cold War to Détente From memory, write out the Revision Notes again

SALT High and low points of 1970s détente. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) 1972 Reduced the danger of a nuclear war. Number of missiles capped, but not warheads. USA promised to accept that they would not try to destroy communism in the USSR. Nixon agreed to increased trade links with the USSR. USA supplied cheap grain to the USSR. USA agreed to recognise the existence of (communist) East Germany. USSR guaranteed the security of West Berlin. (the Cold War began over Berlin) 1979: SALT 2 not ratified (agreed) because the USSR invaded Afghanistan. 1980 President Carter stops US athletes attending the Moscow Olympics.

You have finished. To embed your learning, come back soon. Pause Now! Broadwater School

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