Enhancing School Readiness Among Preschool Children

January 26, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Arts & Humanities, Performing Arts, Drama
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Evaluating the Incredible Years School Readiness Parenting Programme Kirstie Cooper

The IY School Readiness Programme • Address risk factors associated with children’s lack of readiness and poor home-school connections

• 4 sessions, 2 hours per week • Universal, delivered to parents through schools • Aims:

1. Improve children’s school readiness 2. Prevent conduct problems 3. Prevent academic underachievement 4. Enhance home-school links

Part 1 Child-directed play: Strengthening children’s social, emotional, and cognitive skills Emotion coaching to build emotional expression  Building children’s self-esteem and creativity  Teaching children to problem-solve  Building children’s language skills

Part 2 Encouraging social, emotional, academic and problem solving skills through interactive reading Building children’s self-esteem and self-confidence in their reading ability  Having fun with books  Letting the child be the storyteller  Using the Reading With CARE building blocks

Reading with CARE building blocks


Commenting and describing Asking open-ended questions Responding with encouragement Expanding on what the child says

The Evaluation To establish:  A battery of effective measures to assess children’s school readiness

 The effectiveness of the new Programme in improving children’s school readiness  Any difficulties or barriers in implementing the programme

Recruitment • 10 schools in North Wales • Schools allocated to Intervention and waiting-list Control on a ‘first come first serve’ basis

• Two staff at each school received training • Teachers recruited groups of up to 12 parents with children aged 3-5 years

• Intervention = 37

Control = 16

Group delivery & data collection • Groups run during school time (AM/PM) • 2 hours per week for 4 weeks

• Weekly supervision session with Prof. Hutchings • Three home visits to families (1 hour each) • Semi-structured interviews, questionnaires, direct observation, focus group

Demographics Personal Data and Health Questionnaire (PDHQ; Hutchings, 1996) Mean Child age

46 months

Primary caregiver age

33 years

Primary caregivers age when first child born

25 years

Primary caregivers age leaving school

17 years

Demographics % Child gender

52% boys

Caregiver gender

98% females

Biological parent


Married / living together


Very low income


State benefits


Child Behaviour Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; Goodman, 1997) • Parent report questionnaire

• 5 scales: emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity/inattention, peer relationship problems, and prosocial behaviour • Scores for each scale, total difficulties and impact

SDQ Total impact

Child Behaviour Eyberg Child Behaviour Inventory (ECBI; Eyberg & Ross, 1978; Eyberg, 1980) • 36-item parent report measure • 7-point Intensity, measuring frequency of behaviours • Yes-No Problem, identifies whether parent perceives the behaviour to be a problem.

ECBI Total problems

Play and Reading Observation Tool (PAROT) • Direct Observation – 30 minutes • Part 1 – Child-directed play 15 minutes of observing the unstructured play between the primary caregiver and child. • Part 2 – Interactive Reading 15 minutes of observing the primary caregiver and child reading together. • One of three bilingual books used at each time point

PAROT - play Parent emotion coaching

PAROT - play Parent labelled praise

PAROT – play Child positive behaviours

PAROT – play Parent critical statements

PAROT – reading Parent open-ended questions

Home-School Relationship Qualitative/Quantitative Data Focus group • e.g. “What effect do you feel this programme has had on the relationship between the parents and your school?” Group Leader Evaluation / Parent Evaluation • Self-report questionnaire, rate on 5/6point Likert scale Parent Semi-structured Interview • e.g. “Has the programme had an effect on the relationship between you as a parent and the school?”

Attendance & Feedback • Mean number of sessions attended = 3 • 50% of parents attended all 4 sessions

• 90% of parents attended at least 2 sessions • How likely are you to run the programme again at your school in the future? Very likely = 4 Likely = 3

Costs / Time • Supply cover for teacher (£80 - £300 pw) • Refreshments etc. (£4 per week) • Room preparation time = 15/30/60 mins

• Session preparation time = 30/60/90 mins • Group time = 2 hrs, supervision = 2 hrs • Catch-up sessions = 0/30/60 mins

• Telephone calls = 20/30 mins

Diolch am wrando Thanks for listening [email protected]

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