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January 6, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, US History, The Civil War And Reconstruction (1850-1880), Civil War
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DO NOW • Copy the following onto your Do Now paper for the week:

The Civil War began in 1861. It ended in 1865.

Learning Goals • EQ: Is war a necessary evil? • LT: SWBAT recall major battles of the Civil War. • POU: I can identify the major battles of the Civil War and state their impact.

THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR 1861 to 1865

The Second American Revolution The Second War for Independence The War for Southern Independence The Yankee Invasion The War for Constitutional Liberty The War for States' Rights Mr. Lincoln's War The War for Southern Rights The War of the Southern Planters The Southern Rebellion The War of the Rebellion The War of Secession The War to Suppress Yankee Arrogance The Brothers' War

The Great Rebellion The War for Southern Nationality The War Against Slavery The Civil War Between the States The War of the Sixties The War Against Northern Aggression The Yankee Invasion The War for Separation The War for Abolition The War for the Union The Confederate War The War of the Southrons The War for Southern Freedom The War of the North and South

THE UNION’S GRAND STRATEGY

3 RICHMOND

2 MISSISSIPPI

1 BLOCKADE

AKA: THE ANACONDA PLAN

THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run

Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg

Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond

Appomattox

DATES

THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run

Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg

Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond

Appomattox

APRIL 12 1861

Fort Sumter

THE WAR BEGINS

FORT SUMTER IMPACT Lincoln calls for volunteers 4 states, including NC secede Conflict officially a war

THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run

Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg

Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond

Appomattox

JULY 21 1861

Bull Run http://www.history.com/videos /first-battle-of-bull-run#firstbattle-of-bull-run

REBELS WIN, AND STONEWALL BEGINS

BULL RUN IMPACT Confederacy wins first major battle War will not be short Both sides ask for more recruits Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson earns his nickname

THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run

Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg

Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond

Appomattox

April 6 and 7 1862

SHILOH

INCREDIBLE CARNAGE

SHILOH IMPACT Becomes a typical bloody battle

Ulysses S. Grant begins to make a name for himself

THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run

Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg

Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond

Appomattox

SEPTEMBER 17 1862

ANTIETAM

BLOODY ANTIETAM

ANTIETAM Robert E. Lee leads rebels north to strike a blow in Union and win foreign support Lee's plans fall into Union hands Bloody battle leads to a Union “victory”

ANTIETAM IMPACT

Union gains first major victory in east South hurt in gaining foreign allies Lincoln was waiting for victory to make a big move Change in Union Generals

THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run

Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg

Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond

Appomattox

July 1863

GETTYSBURG

THE TURNING POINT

GETTYSBURG IMPACT Union finally beats Robert E. Lee on the battlefield Confederate Army is devastated

South will not get foreign support

THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run

Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg

Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond

Appomattox

July 1863

VICKSBURG

THE MISSISSIPPI FALLS

VICKSBURG IMPACT

Grant fights his way to Vicksburg and surrounds the city Vicksburg forced to surrender Union gains control of Mississippi River The South is split

GRANT TAKES COMMAND

The Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia met on many Virginia battlefields

The Wilderness Spotsylvania Cold Harbor Petersburg

The casualties for both sides were very high th 18

Between May 4 to June Grant lost 65,000 men Lee lost 35,000 men

The North could replace their men – the South couldn't

THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run

Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg

Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond

Appomattox

Fall 1864

SHERMAN’S MARCH

http://www.history.com/topic s/shermansmarch/videos#shermansterrifying-tactics

TOTAL WAR

SHERMAN’S MARCH IMPACT Confederate civilians are devastated

South split again

THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run

Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg

Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond

Appomattox

APRIL 1865

APPOMATTOX COURTHOUSE

LEE SURRENDERS – GAME OVER

http:// www.h istory.c om/vid eos/su rrende r-atappom attoxcourth ouse# battleatchanc ellorsvi lle

APPOMATTOX COURTHOUSE IMPACT Organized fighting ends The nation looks toward Reconstruction

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