From “Sabato`s Triangle” - Triple Helix Conference

January 12, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Political Science, International Relations
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TRIPLE HELIX IX INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE WELCOME ADDRESS

FROM “SABATO’S TRIANGLE” TO THE “TRIPLE HELIX” JOSÉ MANOEL CARVALHO DE MELLO VICE-PRESIDENT THA FLUMINENSE FEDERAL UNIVERSITY, BRAZIL

South America decades 1960 & 1970 Concept: Sabato Triangle Author: Jorge Sábato

ex- ante concept Context: Underdeveloped region (South America) Strategy: to construct a vigorous science and technology infrastructure linked to the productive structure of the society.

 Multiple and coordinate actions of three vertices of society: government (G); the productive structure (E), including private and governmentowned companies; and the science-technology infrastructure (I), including universities, public and private R&D centers

 Argentina and Brazil as Sabato posited a set of three types of relationship among the elements of the triangle: intra-relations (within each vertex), interrelations (within the vertices) and extrarelations (with the government directing the two other vertices).

well as many other Latin American countries were under military rule.

 Authoritarian and nationalist regimes - issues of sovereignty and autonomy;

 Adoption of policies that would strengthen technological capacities in strategic areas such as informatics, telecommunications, the defense industry, aviation and nuclear energy.

 Some sectoral public Sabato was surprised that the government wasn’t assuming a sufficiently active role in S&T policy. Indeed, it showed itself to be incapable of implementing the prescribed triangles despite having the means to do so. Sabato called this ‘La paradoja del sector público’ (‘the paradox of the public sector’)

triangles were, however, successfully implemented in Brazil as a convergence of interests articulated by government-owned companies, involving the government, the productive sector and public S&T infrastructure in agrobusiness, aerospace and off-shore oil fields.

SOUTH AMERICA DECADES 1980 -2000

• • •

Democracy restoration A more open and competitive economic environment. This change of policy stance towards democratization and decentralization brought about new forces that would unleash the dynamics underlying Brazilian society.

 Significant power has since been devolved to the regional level with municipalities and states demanding a fair distribution of S&T resources and willing to commit some of their own to innovative initiatives.

 In contrast to Sabato’s

From triangle to triple helix A transition of S&T policy from a top-down approach to a post-linear model with inputs from various sectors of society, including university, industry and government at the federal, state and municipal levels, is under way in Brazil.

triangle in which the impetus to innovation is expected to come from government, the triple helix model posits multiple sources of initiative arising from each sphere individually and in collaboration with one or two others.

NEW CONTEXT NEW IDEAS NEW POLICIES TO DEAL WITH NEW CONTEXT POLICIES MORE CLOSE TO THE TRIPLE HELIX MODEL AN EX POST CONCEPT UTILIZED AS AN EX ANTE STRATEGY

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