Key Figures of the Russian Revolution

January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, European History, War And Revolution (1914-1938), Russian Revolution
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Key Figures of the Russian Revolution

Alexander Kerensky • Prime Minister of the Russian Provisional Government • Supported Russia’s involvement in World War I after the February Revolution of 1917 • Was ousted by the Bolsheviks • Escaped from Russia to France • Supported neither side during the Russian Civil War

Vladimir Lenin

• Leader of the Bolsheviks • Led the October Revolution of 1917 and the Bolshevik Government • Established CHEKA (Extraordinary Commission – secret police) • Red Terror and War Communism • Civil War and NEP (New Economic Policy) • Dream of World Revolution

Leon Trotsky • Second in Command during the October Revolution of 1917 • Formerly led the Mensheviks • Founder and leader of the Red Army • Opposed Stalin and his policies • Assassinated by Stalin’s agents in Mexico, 1940

Felix Dzerhinsky • Known as “Iron Felix” • First Director of the Bolshevik Secret Police (Cheka, later KGB, now FSB) • Led persecution of political opposition during the Red Terror and the Russian Civil War

Joseph Stalin • One of the leaders of the October Revolution of 1917 • Leader of the Soviet Union and the Communist Part from 1924 to 1953 • Succeeded Lenin • Replaced NEP with FiveYear Plans (rapid, government-planned industrialization) • “Socialism in one country”

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