Lal Bahadur Shastri
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Group Members 1.DEEPAK NEGI 2.NAINA GIDWANI 3.NAMRATA 4.M.D SHABBIR 5.SAKSHI 6.SADHU 7.NAKUL 8.AMRITESH
LAL BHADUR SHASTRI
Lal bhadur was the second prime minister of the republic of India and a significant figure in the Indian independence movement.
Lal bhadur shastri was born on 2 October 1904 at mughalsarai, British India
Lal bahadur was born in Mughal sarai, united provinces, India to Sharada Srivastava Prasad, a school teacher, who later became a clerk in the revenue office at Allahabad, and Ramdulari Devi. His father died when he was only a year and a half old. His mother took him and his two sisters to her father’s house and settle down there.
As a boy, lal bahadur loved reading books and was fond of Guru nanak’s verses. He revered bal Gangadhar Tilak, the Indian nationalist, social reformer and freedom fighter. After hearing a speech of mahatma Gandhi at Varanasi in 1915, he dedicated his life to the service of the country. He also dropped his surname Srivastava as it indicated his caste and he was against the caste system. During the non-cooperation movement of mahatma Gandhi in 1921, he joined processions in defiance of the prohibitory order. He was arrested but let off as he was a minor.
LIFE AFTER MARRIAGE
In 16 may 1928, shastri married Lalita Devi of Mirzapur. In spite of the prevailing hefty dowry tradition, shastri accepted only a charkha and a few yards of khadi as dowry. In 1930, he threw himself into the freedom struggle during mahatma Gandhi's salt satya graha. He was imprisoned for two and a half years. once, while he was in person, one of his daughters fell seriously ill. He was released for fifteen days, on the condition that he should not take part in the freedom movement. however, his daughter died before he reached home.
Jawaharlal Nehru died in office on 27 may 1964 and left a void. Then congress party president k.kamaraj was instrumental in making shastri prime minister on 9 June. Shastri worked by his natural characteristics to obtain compromises between opposing viewpoints. But in his short tenure he was ineffectual in dealing with the economic crisis and food shortage in the nation however, he commanded a great deal of respect in the Indian populace, and he used it to gain advantage in pushing the green revolution in India, which directly led to India become a food surplus nation, although he did not live to see it. During the 22-day war with Pakistan, Lal bhadur shastri created the slogan of “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” (“HAIL THE SOLDIER, HAIL THE FARMER”) , underlining the need to boost India's food production.
DEATH AT TASHKENT
After the declaration of ceasefire Shastri and Pakistan President Muhammad Ayub Khan attended a summit in Tashkent , organised by Alexei Kosygin. On 10 January 1996, Shastri and Khan signed the Tashkent declaration The next day Shastri, who had suffered two heart attacks earlier, died supposedly of a heart attack at 1:32 am. He is the only Indian Prime Minister to have died in office overseas.
Shastri was known for his honesty and humility throughout his life. He was the first person to be posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, and a memorial “Vijay Ghat” was built for him in Delhi. Several education institutes, shastri national academy of administration (Mussorie)were named after him. The shastri indo-Canadian institute was named after shastri due to his role in promoting scholarly activities between India and Canada. Today Lal bhadur shastri memorial run by Lal bhadur shastri national memorial trust, is situated next to 10 Jan path his residence as prime minister, at 1, Motilal Nehru place, new Delhi.