Managing Stress & Anxiety
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Managing Stress & Anxiety Chapter 8 Standard: 1.1.2 Students will apply and justify effective strategies for responding to stress.
Essential Question-I Can
What is stress? I Can Statement: I can learn more about stress and how important it is to deal with stress in a healthy way.
Lesson 1 Effects of Stress
List situations that cause you stress. When you are stressed, what thoughts and emotions do you have? What physical symptoms do you have when stressed?
Stress: the reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands Perception: the act of becoming aware through the senses. Stressor: anything that causes stress. (people, objects, places, events)
Vocabulary - continued
Psychosomatic Response: physical reaction that results from stress rather than from an injury or illness. Psycho: means of the mind. Somatic: means of the body. (sleep disorders, skin disorders, stomach & digestive disorders.
Vocabulary - continued
Chronic Stress: associated with long term problems that are beyond a person’s control. Chronic stress can last for months; upset stomach, headache, insomnia, appetite change, feeling anxious.
Reacting To Stress
Not necessarily good or bad. Can have positive or negative effects. Can motivate you to do your best. Give you extra energy to reach goals.
What Causes Stress?
Stressors – 5 General Categories of Stressors: Biological: illness, disabilities or injuries. Environmental: poverty, pollution, crowding, noise, disasters. Cognitive or Thinking: they way you perceive a situation. How it effects you and the world around you.
Stressors - continued
Personal Behaviors: 1. Negative reactions in the mind and body. 2. Caused by tobacco, alcohol and drugs. 3. Physical inactivity.
Stressors - continued Life Situations 1. death 2. separation 3. trouble with relationships Complete the following: When I am at the doctor’s office, I feel.... During a test, I feel……………… Having a disagreement with a friend makes me feel………………………………
The Body’s Stress Response
When threatened your body will respond. Two Body Systems Involved: 1. Nervous System 2. Endocrine System Both are reactive to stress, mostly involuntary or automatic.
3 Stages Regardless of Stressor
1. Alarm: 1st stage of stress response. Go to a higher alert, fight or flight/run response. A. Physical Symptoms: pupil dilation, perspire, faster heart rate & pulse, rise in blood pressure, faster breathing, increase in muscle tension.
Alarm Stage - continued Body Responses 1. Hypothalamus: releases a hormone that acts on the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain, receives danger signals. 2. Pituitary: stimulates adrenal gland. 3. Adrenal Glands: secrete adrenaline, emergency hormone.
Stage 2 – Stage 3
Resistance: People have been known to accomplish incredible feats in this stage. Fatigue: A tired feeling takes over and lowers level of activity, the body and mind become exhausted.
Symptoms of Stress
Physical Signs: headache, upset stomach Emotional Signs: edginess, crying Mental Signs: can’t think, losing sense of humor Behavioral Signs: not eating, over eating, talking
Strategies for Handling Stress
Take a deep breath & think it through Redirect the stress response (physical activity) Stop and think Give yourself breaks
Headache Asthma High Blood Pressure Weakened Immune System
Mental-Emotional & Social Effects
Difficulty In Concentration Mood Swings Risks of Substance Abuse
Taking Control of Chronic Stress
Engage in Physical Activity Look for Support Among Your Friends & Family Find a Hobby to Relax Avoid Using Drugs