Philippine Constitution PPTSS

January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Political Science
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The Philippine Constitution By Group 1

What is a Constitution?

Part of a country's sovereignty  Is the fundamental and supreme law of the land  Basis of all the other laws in the land  Serves as a guide to the government in making decisions 

What are the different constitutions the Philippines had?

1897 Constitution - Philippines’ first constitution

- also called the Biak-na-Bato Constitution - written by Isabelo Artacho and Felix Ferrer

- lasted only until General Aguinaldo and Governor General Primo de Rivera signed the Pact of Biak-na-Bato - created in accordance with the establishment of the Biak-na-Bato republic - almost the same as the Cuban Constitution of Jimaguayu

Malolos Constitution - written by Felipe Calderon

- ratification and proclamation held at Barasoain Church in Malolos - created in accordance with the establishment of the First Philippine Republic, 1899. - lasted until the Philippine-American War

1935 Constitution - written by Claro M. Recto - created in accordance with the establishment of the Commonwealth Republic - Tydings-Mcduffie Law of 1934 caused the drafting of the 1935 constitution - effectivity was halted during the Japanese occupation but continued in 1946 until 1972

- constitution had to be approved by Pres. Franklin Roosevelt - ratification of constitution included women for the first time

1943 Constitution - drafted by the PCPI

- created in accordance with the establishment of the Second Philippine Republic or Puppet Republic - Main purposes are : 1.

To make Filipinos believe that they would be given independence


To allow the Japanese to have more influence over Philippine territory and resources


lasted until the end of Japanese occupation, 1945

1973 Constitution - Main purposes before Martial Law: 1.

To reflect genuine Philippine independence and sovereignty

- Main purposes after Martial Law: 1. 2.

To change the present government to parliamentary form To give Marcos more power and postpone the incoming 1973 elections


ratification was done through citizen’s assembly created in accordance with the declaration of Martial Law and the New Society lasted until the People Power Revolution in 1986


Freedom Constitution -

promulgated on March 25 1896


created in accordance with the establishment of the Revolutionary Government of 1896


only parts about human rights were retained from the previous constitution


served as a temporary/transitional constitution

1987 Constitution -


ratified February 2, 1987 formulated by Constitutional Commission led by Cecilia Munoz Palma pushed for the restoration of the presidential government and protection of human rights Changes from previous constitutions:


Longer term but without reelection for president


Abolition of capital punishment


Party-list representation and creation of Sandigang Bayan


Creation of Human Rights Commission


Controlled power of president in declaring martial law


What are the different kinds of laws made by the government?

National Laws -

implemented throughout the country


drafted by the congress


also called as Republic Acts

Examples of National Laws: 1.

Tax Laws


Local Government Code

National Laws -

other laws implemented throughout the country are the ff.:

1. International Laws

2. Laws coming from the President 3. Laws administered by the Supreme Court

Ordinances -

passed by local government bodies in provinces, towns, cities, etc.


implemented in LGU’s because they are important to the communities

Examples of Ordinances: 1.

Change in street name


Color coding (esp. Metro Manila)

Barangay Orders -

passed by Sangguniang Barangay


implemented in barangays


usually related to cleanliness, peace, and order

Examples of Barangay Orders: 1.

Prohibiting noisy vehicles


Designation of places where trash is thrown

Sources: Tuico, A. and Santos, E. (2005). Awakening 6: The Philippines Through the Years. First Edition. JFC Publishing Inc. Tuico, A. and Santos, E. (2005). Awakening 5: The Philippines Through the Years. First Edition. JFC Publishing Inc. Oliveros, R., Galvez M., Estrelia, Y. and Andaquig, J. (2007). Philippine History and Government . Quezon City. Ibon Books, Inc.

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