Teaching Evolution Using Case Studies

January 16, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Science, Health Science, Immunology
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Teaching Evolution Using Case Studies Understanding and Teaching Evolution | Belize | November, 2012

 What  Why

use them?

 What  Do

are case studies? are their limitations?

you use case studies?

 Example (“Case Studies: A  Resources

and Links

Case Study”)

What Are Case Studies? 

“A story with a message” – CF Herreid (JCST, Feb. 94)



A brief, real-world scenario, followed by questions, exercises, activities



Many different formats, variations



Used for decades in law schools, business schools, medical schools



Usage in science classrooms increased dramatically in the 90s

Why Use Case Studies? 

Less didactic, more engaging, student-active approach



Emphasizes critical analysis, reasoning, higher-order thinking



Promotes student interaction, builds communication skills



Typically focuses on student-relevant, real-world situations



Goal is not typically to teach content, although data show that learning/retention of content using this method can equal or exceed traditional (Socratic) methods

Limitations of Case Studies 

Not necessarily the best method for conveying/teaching large amounts of facts or information (debatable?)



Can be challenging (although not impossible) in large lecture settings



Student reluctance



Issues associated with group dynamics



Instructor skill/ability with method is critical

Do you use case studies? Why or why not? Examples?

A Mini Case Study Mark is the starting forward and team captain of his high school basketball team. His team is playing for the state championship in a couple days. He also has two midterms next week, his girlfriend just dumped him and he just found out that his parents are getting divorced. On top of all this, he’s starting to feel under the weather, so he visits the school nurse.

A Mini Case Study (cont.) The nurse explains that his immune system, and in fact all vertebrate immune systems, rely on chemicals called cytokines to function properly. Stress is known to produce chemicals called corticosteroids, which slow down or stop the production

of cytokines. Consequently, stress makes him more susceptible to infections and illness.

A Mini Case Study (cont.) “That just doesn’t seem fair!”, laments Mark. “The

last thing in the world I need right now, when I’m already so stressed out, is to get sick! Why does this happen?!?”

A Mini Case Study (cont.) QUESTIONS 1.

What selective pressures might have led to the evolution of this trait in vertebrates?

2.

Why do you think it has persisted in humans?

3.

Predict what might happen in an individual born with a mutation that prevented normal, functional corticosteroid production. What might be the evolutionary implications of such a mutation?

“Extended” Case Studies

www.dnadarwin.org

“Extended” Case Studies

lbc.msu.edu/evo-ed

Resources and Links 

DNA to Darwin – www.dnadarwin.org



Evo-Ed: Case Studies for Evolution - lbc.msu.edu/evo-ed



National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science ublib.buffalo.edu/libraries/projects/cases



BioQUEST Investigative Case Based Learning www.bioquest.org/icbl/publications.php



Understanding Evolution - evolution.berkeley.edu



Merlot – www.merlot.org



PBS Evolution: Teaching Evolution Case Studies www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/educators/teachstuds/ tvideos.html

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