Tourism Planning Organizations

January 17, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Science, Biology, Zoology, Parasitology
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Tourism Policy and Planning

Learning Objectives •

To understand the concepts of tourism policy and planning

To evaluate the role of policy and planning in tourism development

To critically assess the challenges faced by tourism planners around development, access, recreation and conservation

Tourism Policy • Tourism policy is often closely linked to – Employment opportunities – Diversification for traditional rural businesses – Development of infrastructure – Development of tourism strategy – Enhanced quality of life – Cultural preservation – Inward investment strategies

Tourism Planning Organizations • International – United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

• National – National Tourism Organizations (NTOs) – Destination Management (or Marketing) Organizations (DMOs)

Tourism Planning Organizations • Local – Councils

• Local authority involvement in planning includes – Coordination of different functions, such as rights of way and access, conservation, licensing etc. – Planning processes and regulation required for developing new facilities – Legislation and regulation, including licensing, health and safety, food safety and environmental health

Tourism Planning Organizations • Local authority involvement in planning includes (cont.) – Entrepreneurship, supporting new businesses, offering favourable business rates and offering startup funding – Stimulation of supply and demand through investment in the activities of a DMP – Marketing and promotion through a DMP or directly, including promotion of the area as an investment destination

Tourism Planning Organizations • Local authority involvement in planning includes (cont.) – Providing benefit to local communities and enhancing civic pride – Protecting public interest, ensuring communities do not suffer the impacts of tourism development, but can benefit from them

Why Plan for Tourism? • • • • • • • • • •

Population changes Changing visitor trends The nature of the destination Over-exploitation Outbreaks of diseases Congestion Event safety Resentment towards tourists Increase in criminal activity Destruction of host community values

Challenges in Tourism Planning • Managing seasonality • Converting day trippers • Managing impacts – – – –

Environmental Social Cultural Economic

Management Solutions • Tools and techniques – – – – –

Managing visitor flows Carrying capacity Zoning Education and interpretation Encouraging local involvement

Planning Process (Cooper et al., 2008)

• • • • • • • • •

Recognition of planning need Setting objectives for planning need Surveying the existing data Creating surveys to collect new data Analysing primary and secondary data Formulating an initial/draft plan Developing recommendations Implementing the plan Monitoring and amending the plan

References • Cooper, C., Fletcher, J., Fyall, A., Gilbert, D. and Wanhill, S. (2008) Interrelationships and Classifications. In: Tourism: Principles and Practice, 4th edn. Prentice Hall, Pearson Education Limited, Harlow, UK.

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