January 12, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Political Science, Civics
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Carolyn Ball, Ph.D. Associate Professor Public Administration

Accountability  Trust  Sunshine laws  Whistleblower laws  Open meetings  Freedom of Information 

Creates a perception of a problem  Can offer a solution or strategy to resolve a problem 

Peter Eigen, World Bank Manager  Transparency International formed 1993  Corruption Index 

Effects and consequences of corruption for citizens

Accident of translation  Assumption German, French, and English meaning of Transparenz, transparence, and transparency are similar  English: an overhead film, something clear, seamless, or even a condom 

World Bank, IMF, European Union, treaties  Transparency focuses on upfront or before hand openness 

Accountability emphasizes an oversight body after the fact  Sometimes used interchangeably with transparency 

Decision-making  Access to Information 

Actions creating credible governance systems, visible performance measurement systems, readily available information

Political Action Committees

New Nonprofit Advocacy Committee that doesn’t report donors

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